Immigration fuels uptick in US population growth – Times of India

Immigration fuels uptick in US population growth - Times of India

ORLANDO: The number of immigrants to the United States reached its highest level in two decades this year, adding to the country’s overall population, according to U.S. estimates released Tuesday. Census Bureau.
The United States added 1.6 million people, more than two-thirds of whom came from international migration, bringing the country’s total population to 334.9 million. This marks the second year in a row.Immigration Advantages of powerful population.
A drop in the number of deaths since the depths of the CoVID-19 pandemic also contributed to the US growth rate.
Population growth is caused by immigration and Births Leaving mortality behind.
After a decline in immigration in the latter half of the last decade and further declines amid pandemic-era restrictions, the number of immigrants rebounded to nearly 1 million people last year. This trend continued this year as the nation added 1.1 million people.
Immigration last exceeded 1.1 million in 2001, according to Census Bureau statistics compiled by William Frey, a demographer at The Brookings Institution.
This is a sign of things to come. Without immigration, the U.S. population is likely to decline as the death rate exceeds the birth rate by the late 2030s.
“Immigration is going to be the main source of growth in the future,” Frey said.
The census determines how many US congressional seats each state gets. If trends continue during the 2030 count, California could lose four U.S. House seats and New York three. According to an analysis by the Brennan Center for Justice, Texas could add four seats and Florida three.
While low by historical standards, 2023’s half-percent growth was a slight increase from last year’s rate of 0.4 percent and 2021’s growth of less than 0.2 percent.
There were about 300,000 fewer deaths this year than a year earlier. That helped double the natural increase to more than 500,000 people in 2023, the largest U.S. population increase since 2018, according to estimates that measure the change from mid-2022 to mid-2023. . Population increased in 42 states compared to 31 states last year.
The vast majority of growth, 87%, came from the South, a region the Census Bureau defines as stretching from Texas to Maryland and Delaware. But the concentration of growth slowed in 2023 during the peak of the pandemic in Texas, Florida, North Carolina and Georgia.
“We got to these Sun Belt hotshots in the movement of people,” Frey said. “It’s getting a little worn out.”
South Carolina’s 1.7% growth rate topped all other states, and its population grew by more than 90,000 residents. More than 90% of the growth came from domestic migration, or people moving to South Carolina from another US state. Without domestic and international migration, the Palmetto State would have lost population in 2023 and had about 1,300 more deaths than births.
Florida had the next highest growth rate at 1.6 percent, adding more than 365,000 residents. It was also the second highest growth in terms of raw numbers. Only Texas surpassed that, gaining more than 473,000 people. More people moved to Florida than any other U.S. state this year, with nearly 373,000 migrants split evenly between domestic and international. Significantly fewer residents died in Florida than last year, resulting in a natural decline of only 7,600.
Of the 50 states, New York had the fastest rate of population decline, with a 0.5 percent decrease. It also recorded the largest decline in net numbers, with a decline of nearly 102,000 residents, although this represents a much smaller decline than the previous year’s decline of 180,000 people. The natural increase of about 74,000 international arrivals and more than 41,000 in-state residents could not make up for the nearly 217,000 New Yorkers leaving the state between mid-2022 and mid-2023.
California was still the nation’s most populous state, with 38.9 million residents, although it lost more than 75,000 residents this year. The decline was an improvement from a decline of more than 113,000 people last year. Texas was the second most populous state with 30.5 million residents.
For the first time, Georgia surpassed 11 million people in 2023, joining only seven other states above that population threshold.
“Barring something entirely unexpected, the 2020s are shaping up to be the decade of the South,” the Brennan Center for Justice said in a report Tuesday.

Immigration,Deaths,Census Bureau,Births

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