How the EU has fundamentally reshaped its asylum system – Times of India

How the EU has fundamentally reshaped its asylum system - Times of India

gave European Parliament Adopted one on Wednesday Historical restoration EU asylum and migration laws, which are strict. Border procedures and compels all 27 member states to take action.
X, ex-Twitter, posted “history made” after parliament president Roberta Metsula approved all 10 parts of the migration and refugee deal that took nearly a decade of difficult negotiations between member states.

These are significant changes that will come into effect from 2026.
Border filtering
New European Union Asylum and Migration agreement Migrants entering the EU illegally will undergo identity, health and security checks and biometric readings of their faces and fingerprints, which can take up to seven days.
Children will receive special treatment, and member states must have independent monitoring mechanisms to ensure that rights are upheld.
The purpose of this procedure is to determine which migrants should receive an expedited or normal asylum application process, and which should be sent back to their country of origin or in transit.
Smooth testing
Asylum Seekers Those with a low chance of receiving protection status — defined as arrivals from countries whose citizens’ asylum applications are rejected in at least 80 percent of cases on average — are expedited. will be done
Citizens of countries like Tunisia, Morocco and Bangladesh are included in this category.
Their streamlined applications will be processed in centers not far from the EU’s “external borders” — that is, mostly land borders and ports, but also airports — so that if their application is found to be unfounded or untenable. If declared acceptable, they can be sent back quickly.
This would require the use of detention centres, although alternative measures could be used, such as residential confinement.
The centers can hold up to 30,000 people at any one time, with the EU expecting 120,000 migrants to pass through each year.
Unaccompanied minors are considered to pose a security risk and families with children will also be housed.
Mechanism of solidarity
The new system will reform the EU’s so-called Dublin III mechanism whereby, in general, the country in which an irregular migrant first lands is responsible for handling his case.
It currently puts pressure on Italy, Greece and Malta, which have received most of the land and sea inflows in recent years.
Under the new rules, the Dublin III principle of first country responsibility will be maintained, but with the additional criterion that an asylum seeker’s file can be transferred to another EU country.
And a mandatory solidarity mechanism would oblige member states to take in a certain number of asylum seekers arriving in countries outside the EU.
If they choose not to do so, those other countries may provide cash or other material or personnel contributions instead.
At least 30,000 asylum seekers will come under this relocation system each year. An annual financial compensation of 600 million euros ($650 million) will be set for those who prefer to pay instead of the host.
Additive response
The package sets up an emergency response in the event of an unexpected surge in migration — the same kind of crisis the EU faced in 2015-2016 when more than two million asylum seekers entered the bloc, which Many of them were from war-torn Syria and Afghanistan.
Asylum applications were 1.14 million in 2023, the highest since 2016.
It would allow member states to relax protections for asylum seekers, making it possible to hold them in detention centers at the EU’s external borders for longer than would normally be allowed.
EU members also want to address the “instrumentation” of migration flows by foreign countries. Belarus and Russia, for example, have been accused of encouraging migrants to try to enter the EU in order to destabilize the bloc.
‘Safe Third Country’
The concept of “safe third country” will be allowed when screening asylum seekers.
This could mean that an irregular migrant who came to the EU through a country considered “safe” to lodge an application for protection could have their application rejected by the EU. . But to request it, a sufficient “link” must be established between the asylum seeker and the transit country.

Migration agreement,Historical restoration,European Parliament,EU asylum and migration laws,Border procedures,Asylum Seekers

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